When he was about 13 years old, he left the farm to move to Ft.
Scott, Kan., but he later moved to Minneapolis, Kan., to attend high school.
Carver also began experiments in crop rotation, using soy plantings to replace nitrogen in depleted soil.
Before long, Carver became well known as a leading agricultural scientist.
He took his lessons to former slaves turned sharecroppers by inventing the Jessup Wagon, a horse-drawn classroom and laboratory for demonstrating soil chemistry.
Farmers were ecstatic with the large cotton crops resulting from the cotton/peanut rotation, but were less enthusiastic about the huge surplus of peanuts that built up and began to rot in local storehouses.It was an offer that George Carver accepted immediately and the place where he worked for the remainder of his life.Carver was determined to use his knowledge to help poor farmers of the rural South. In the Tuskegee experimental fields, Carver settled on peanuts because it was a simple crop to grow and had excellent nitrogen fixating properties to improve soil depleted by growing cotton.Over the next few years, George worked at a variety of jobs.He homesteaded a farm in Kansas, worked a ranch in New Mexico, and worked for the railroads, always saving money and looking for a college that would accept him.“I cannot offer you money, position or fame,” read this letter. The last from the position you now occupy you will no doubt achieve. I offer you in their place: work – hard work, the task of bringing people from degradation, poverty and waste to full manhood.Your department exists only on paper and your laboratory will have to be in your head.” Washington’s offer was 5.00 per month (a substantial cut from Carver’s Iowa State salary) and the luxury of two rooms for living quarters (most Tuskegee faculty members had just one).His professors were so impressed by his work on the fungal infections common to soybean plants that he was asked to remain as part of the faculty to work on his master’s degree (awarded in 1896).Working as director of the Iowa State Experimental Station, Carver discovered two types of fungi, which were subsequently named for him.The college was impressed by George’s application essay and granted him a full scholarship.When he arrived at the school, however, he was turned away — they hadn’t realized he was black.