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Bernard sees an opportunity to thwart plans to exile him, and gets permission to take Linda and John back.On their return to London, John meets the Director and calls him his "father", a vulgarity which causes a roar of laughter.Ostracised by the villagers, John is able to articulate his feelings only in terms of Shakespearean drama, quoting often from The Tempest, King Lear, Othello, Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet.
Shortly before writing the novel, Huxley visited Mond's technologically advanced plant near Billingham, north east England, and it made a great impression on him.
Huxley used the setting and characters in his science fiction novel to express widely held opinions, particularly the fear of losing individual identity in the fast-paced world of the future.
Despite spending his whole life in the reservation, John has never been accepted by the villagers, and his and Linda's lives have been hard and unpleasant.
Linda has taught John to read, although from the only two books in her possession—a scientific manual and the complete works of Shakespeare.
Huxley referred to Brave New World as a "negative utopia", somewhat influenced by Wells's own The Sleeper Awakes (dealing with subjects like corporate tyranny and behavioural conditioning) and the works of D. The events of the Depression in the UK in 1931, with its mass unemployment and the abandonment of the gold currency standard, persuaded Huxley to assert that stability was the "primal and ultimate need" if civilisation was to survive the present crisis.
The Brave New World character Mustapha Mond, Resident World Controller of Western Europe, is named after Sir Alfred Mond.Bernard and Lenina witness a violent public ritual and then encounter Linda, a woman originally from the World State who is living on the reservation with her son John, now a young man.She, too, visited the reservation on a holiday many years ago, but became separated from her group and was left behind.Bernard's popularity is fleeting, though, and he becomes envious that John only really bonds with the literary-minded Helmholtz.Considered hideous and friendless, Linda spends all her time using soma, while John refuses to attend social events organised by Bernard, appalled by what he perceives to be an empty society.In 1999, the Modern Library ranked Brave New World as #5 on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century.Translations of the title often allude to similar expressions used in domestic works of literature: the French edition of the work is entitled Le Meilleur des mondes (The Best of All Worlds), an allusion to an expression used by the philosopher Gottfried Leibniz By this time, Huxley had already established himself as a writer and social satirist.Lenina Crowne, a hatchery worker, is popular and sexually desirable, but Bernard Marx, a psychologist, is not.He is shorter in stature than the average member of his high caste, which gives him an inferiority complex.Huxley said that Brave New World was inspired by the utopian novels of H. Wells, including A Modern Utopia (1905), and Men Like Gods (1923).Wells's hopeful vision of the futures‘ possibilities gave Huxley the idea to begin writing a parody of the novels, which became Brave New World. Arthur Goldsmith, an American acquaintance, that he had "been having a little fun pulling the leg of H. Wells", but then he "got caught up in the excitement of [his] own ideas." Unlike the most popular optimist utopian novels of the time, Huxley sought to provide a frightening vision of the future. George Orwell believed that Brave New World must have been partly derived from the 1921 novel We by Russian author Yevgeny Zamyatin.