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The efforts of Olweus brought awareness to the issue and motivated other professionals to conduct their own research, thereby expanding and contributing to knowledge of bullying behavior. Since Olweus’s early work, research on bullying has steadily increased (see Farrington and Ttofi, 2009; Hymel and Swearer, 2015).
Although the committee acknowledges the importance of this topic as it pertains to all children in the United States and in U. territories, this report focuses on the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Also, while the committee acknowledges that bullying behavior occurs in the school Based on currently available evidence, the committee will address the questions above and provide findings, conclusions, and recommendations that can inform future policy (e.g., state legislatures, school districts), practice (e.g., school safety, disciplinary actions, health care provision, law enforcement), and future research on promising approaches to reduce peer victimization, particularly for vulnerable populations and those most at-risk of experiencing peer victimization. Following you home from school: A critical review and synthesis of research on cyberbullying victimization.
Even the definition of bullying varies among both researchers and lawmakers, though it generally includes physical and verbal behavior, behavior leading to social isolation, and behavior that uses digital communications technology (cyberbullying).
This report adopts the term “bullying behavior,” which is frequently used in the research field, to cover all of these behaviors.
While the media reports linking bullying to suicide suggest a causal relationship, the available research suggests that there are often multiple factors that contribute to a youth’s suicide-related ideology and behavior.
Several studies, however, have demonstrated an association between bullying involvement and suicide-related ideology and behavior (see, e.g., Holt et al., 2015; Kim and Leventhal, 2008; Sourander, 2010; van Geel et al., 2014).
This section of the report highlights relevant work in the field and, later in the chapter under “The Committee’s Approach,” presents the conceptual framework and corresponding definitions of terms that the committee has adopted.
Bullying behavior was first characterized in the scientific literature as part of the childhood experience more than 100 years ago in “Teasing and Bullying,” published in the Pedagogical Seminary (Burk, 1897).
In 2013, the Health Resources and Services Administration of the U. Department of Health and Human Services requested that the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council convene an ad hoc planning committee to plan and conduct a 2-day public workshop to highlight relevant information and knowledge that could inform a multidisciplinary ___________________ road map on next steps for the field of bullying prevention. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49(2), 147-154.
Content areas that were explored during the April 2014 workshop included the identification of conceptual models and interventions that have proven effective in decreasing bullying and the antecedents to bullying while increasing protective factors that mitigate the negative health impact of bullying.