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His father wanted him to go to the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland and enrolled him at nearby Severn School, a preparatory school for Annapolis and even secured him an appointment from Albert W.
; born Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr.; January 20, 1930) is an American engineer and a former astronaut and fighter pilot.
Aldrin made three spacewalks as pilot of the 1966 Gemini 12 mission, and as the Apollo Lunar Module pilot on the 1969 Apollo 11 mission, he and mission commander Neil Armstrong were the first two humans to land on the Moon.
He flew 66 combat missions and shot down two Mi G-15 aircraft. His doctoral thesis was Line-of-Sight Guidance Techniques for Manned Orbital Rendezvous, earning him the nickname "Dr. His first space flight was in 1966 on Gemini 12 during which he spent over five hours on extravehicular activity.
A Presbyterian elder, Aldrin became the first person to hold a religious ceremony on the Moon when he privately took communion. He retired from the Air Force in 1972, after 21 years of service.
Born in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, Aldrin graduated third in the class of 1951 from the United States Military Academy at West Point, with a degree in mechanical engineering.
He was commissioned into the United States Air Force, and served as a jet fighter pilot during the Korean War. degree in astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Aldrin was selected as a member of NASA's Astronaut Group 3, making him the first astronaut with a doctoral degree.If only I could join them in their exciting endeavors!" working with the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation on enhancing the maneuver capabilities of the Agena target vehicle which was to be used by NASA's Project Gemini.Aldrin opened fire on one of the Mi Gs, whose pilot may never have seen him coming.Aldrin's second aerial victory came on June 4, 1953, when he accompanied aircraft from the 39th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron in an attack on an airbase in North Korea.Among his squadron colleagues was Ed White, who had been a year behind him at West Point.After White left Germany to study for a master's degree at the University of Michigan in aeronautical engineering, he wrote to Aldrin encouraging him to do the same.His classmates included Sam Johnson, who later became a prisoner of war in Vietnam; the two became friends.At one point, Aldrin attempted a double Immelmann turn in a T-28 Trojan and suffered a grayout.Upon leaving NASA in 1971, he became Commandant of the U. His autobiographies Return to Earth (1973), and Magnificent Desolation (2009), recount his struggles with clinical depression and alcoholism in the years after leaving NASA.He continued to advocate for space exploration, particularly a human mission to Mars, and developed the Aldrin cycler, a special spacecraft trajectory that makes travel to Mars more efficient in regard to time and propellant.