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Whereas the Commons House of Parliament now exercises...the supposed behalf of the people the power of making laws, it ought in order to fulfil with....honesty the great duties imposed on it, to be made the faithful and accurate representative of the peoples' wishes, feelings and interests. This was a political and organisational master-stroke.This was followed by the six points: (See footnote 3) The Charter was published in 1838. It drew together almost all the varied protest movements of the time, especially the widely different, but passionately angry, opponents of the new Poor Law. During 1838 huge "monster" meetings, torchlight processions, mass demonstrations and protests, were held not only throughout London, but even more so in the new industrial towns.
As the 19 century began, the new factory system of production was causing acute economic distress, with resulting severe personal and social dislocation among previously respectable self-sufficient artisans and small farmers.
Pauperism, hunger and homelessness spread from London to the new cotton and steel towns in the north, to the Yorkshire and Welsh coal mines, to Cornish farms, and over the border to industrial towns like Glasgow.
Clearly he had not changed his opinion during the 30 years between half-starved Oliver "asking for more", and Betty, running away with her "funeral money sewn into her dress".
In Chapter 2 of he wrote, (A poor man's choice) "is between being starved by a gradual process (in the workhouse) or by a quick one out of it".
This deep discontent had causes which were partly political.
The economic unhappiness was triggered by what we now call the Industrial Revolution.
They write "Working (people were) stirred by the belief that might be radically changed; that life need not wear so hard and ungenerous a face; that the poor might have a share in the civilisation of their age. The Preamble and the famous six points contain the revolutionary ideas for radical change of the existing power structures.
The movement (Chartism) then is significant because of its scale, and its ." (My emphasis) So, in 1836, Place "the radical tailor of Charing Cross" and Lovett, a self-educated cabinet-maker, formed the London Working Men's Association, (L. They clearly echo earlier democratic revolutionaries' debate in 17th century Putney, and in 18th century Washington and Paris. A "missionaries" took the Charter to the provinces, especially the new industrial towns in the North like Manchester and Birmingham.
Fairly quickly many began to feel the new 1832 Bill still represented property, not people. The Reformed Parliament produced by the Bill finally triggered political fury.
Popular anger against the Act exploded dramatically in 1834 when the new parliament passed the Poor Law Amendment Act.