In these regards, Author-Date is very similar to, for instance, APA style.
By contrast, NB uses numbered footnotes in the text to direct the reader to a shortened citation at the bottom of the page.
(See section A.2.1.2 in the appendix called “Paper Format and Submission.”) Class papers should begin with a title page (but some put the title on the first page of the text; consult your instructor).
*For a thesis or dissertation, most departments and universities provide model title pages that should be followed exactly for wording and form. Count the title page as page i, but do not put that number on it.
Chicago style is a standard used for formatting scholarly books.
Turabian knew that most students are concerned with writing papers, so she narrowed the focus and refined the rules specifically for paper writing.By contrast, an example of a fact that is not common knowledge would be: Some chickens lay blue and green eggs.You would need to include a citation for this second statement.For more details, see the sample page below and sections A.1.2 and A.1.3 of Turabian.*Some departments or universities allow or require single spacing or one and a half spaces between lines in the body of the text. , written specifically for students, covers every aspect of research paper writing, from thinking up a topic to submitting the paper in official Chicago format.Turabian’s Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (8th ed.), which is largely based on CMOS with some slight alterations.To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all CMOS citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.Whether something is common knowledge is not always clear, so the best idea is to provide a citation for important facts that you bring up if you have any doubt.An example of common knowledge would be: Some chickens lay brown eggs.You may also use a footnote/endnote to clarify a passage that may confuse some readers.For instance, you may mention in your paper that the story of "Frankenstein" was written during a friendly writing game among friends.