The exact abbreviation does not matter too much, as long as it is clear in the bibliography.The same is true of many electronic sources, although be careful that any non-attributed source is reliable.For example, a psychologist will be aware of pavlovian conditioning, so you do not need to reference that if it from your own head. There are a number of ways in which you can reference the source, but most are based upon variations of MLA and APA style.
If you use one style all of the way through, there should be no problem, but mixing the styles makes things unclear to the reader and may well be punished by your supervisor.
The American Psychological Association standard (APA-standard) is used in most social and psychological papers, and variations of the author/date style are used by many scientific disciplines.
For example, This makes it clear that you could not access the original work, and that you correctly attribute the original findings to the researcher who actually performed the initial research.
A few standards, such as Chicago style and the Council of Biology Editors (BCE) use a footnote numbering system, where a number is used and cross-referenced with the endnote section and bibliography: It is always best to over cite, and avoid accusations of plagiarism, but there are a few times that citation is not necessary.
Offering a citation gives your readers and other scholars access to your information sources if they wish to follow-up, or find more information on your topic.
When writing a journal article, literature review, convention paper, or any other academic document, authors must include in-text citations whenever they refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source.Occasionally, you will use direct quotes from another source, but most of the time you will be paraphrasing the work.You will need to create a bibliography or reference list of all of the sources that you use, but you will also need to indicate within the text where your information came from.In this case, you use the name of the organization or a recognized abbreviation.For example, NHS, for the National Health Service, or WHO, for the World Health Organization.General knowledge, such as 'Crick and Watson discovered the structure of DNA,' will not need referencing.Common knowledge in the field is generally fine, too, although you should err on the side of caution.There are a few variations, especially with electronic information, but they all follow the same basic structure.If the author has written more than one paper in the same year, then you can use an alphabetical appendix: The other difficulty is when there is no author mentioned, and the source was written by an organization.For example If there are six or more authors, you can use the abbreviation straightaway.Occasionally, you may have to use a source that has been referenced in another source.