Citations In An Essay

Example (King James Bible, Genesis 1.4-5) -Some indirect citations will contain references to more than one work. I find that the district he named is in the extreme east of the country, just on the borders of three states, Transylvania, Moldavia, and Bukovinia, in the midst of the Carpathian mountains; one of the wildest and least known portions of Europe. By Gabriel Garcia Marquez, 1970, Harper Collins, 2003. Article from an Online Scholarly Journal: The general format for an online-only scholarly journal is: Last, First. “An Unusual First Manifestation of Hodgkin Lymphoma: Epitrochlear Lymph Node Involvement- A Case Report and Brief Review of Literature. Indirect Citation: Of course, Kovan is not the first commentator to point out that because capital punishment cannot be undone, it requires a different approach than non-lethal punishments (64). Motion Pictures: , Directed by Rob Reiner, Performances by Cary Elwes, Robin Wright, Mandy Patinkin, and Chris Sarandon, Act III Communications, 1987.

To include multiple references, use a semi-colon between the references in your in-text citation. (1-2) Book with Multiple Authors: Last Name, First Name and First Name Last Name. For example, Pratchett and Gaiman describe God as playing games with the universe in a way that suggests more of a cruel indifference than actual malice (14). Short Citation: “On the first contact the bones of the girl seemed to become disjointed with a disorderly crunch like the sound of a box of dominoes” (Marquez 33). , ,, Accessed . Direct Quotation: Shakespeare’s “plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright” (“William Shakespeare”). “Article Name.” , vol., no., year of publication, URL or doi. Journal of Investigative Medicine: High Impact Case Reports, 5, 2, 10.1177/2324709617706709. Direct Citation: Yardimci and Yardimci noted that “in the histopathological examination of the bone marrow biopsy, no finding in favor of lymphoma was detected” (Yardimci and Yardimci). However, to highlight the role of various people, you might but a producer, director, or actor as the first person in your works cited.

You can also use the author’s last name in your text to serve as a signal that you are going to provide a citation.

If the quoted material is more than four lines of prose or three lines of text, you put it in an indented block quote, omitting quotation marks. In our examples, we will have block quotes, shorter direct quotes, and indirectly cited material.

Parenthetical citation, also known as in-text citation, is an easy way to create citations within your document, allowing your reader to see where you found the information without looking at the bottom of the page or the end of the document for a footnote or endnote.

Although footnotes were once the go-to way to cite information, parenthetical citation has become increasingly more popular, and is the go-to citation format for MLA format.

Instead, you use the act, the scene, and the line numbers. District Judge granted Irving and Irving ISD’s motions to dismiss the Mohamed family’s lawsuit, saying there was no evidence Ahmed faced religious or racial discrimination” (Takahashi).

For Shakespeare’s works, you can abbreviate the play names. You Tube Video: Late name, First name of the creator. Indirect citation: Popular You Tube personality Jack Septic Eye opens up his video with a consistent phrase and a recap of what happened on his last episode (“We Won the Game”).

-The basic author-page citation format is: (Last Name X).

Example: (Smith 16) -Using a signal means you use the author’s name (or whatever is first in your works cited page) to signal a quotation or indirect citation.


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