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Pacific weather conditions are dominated by El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO).But what is this climate phenomena exactly and does it get altered with climate change? The ENSO cycle is a natural climate variability in the Pacific region with cycles of about two to six years.ENSO La Niña periods promote rather drought conditions in the South Pacific.
The main idea behind El Nino is that the wind changes The theory of El Nino was originally explored and documented in the 1560’s.
He coined the term Southern Oscillation to dramatize the ups and downs in this east-west seesaw effect.
He also linked the affects of the wind and water temperatures to drought or rainfall, depending on which side of the ocean you studied.
Mayell (1997) discussed how fishermen from Peru wondered why in certain years the normally cold water would become warm and the flow would reverse in an opposite direction.
The change in water temperature would kill the majority of the fish and thus cause major problems for fishermen and many others who relied on fish.