Just as our physicals selves are determined by both genetics and lifestyle, so are our emotional selves.Considering cognitive, biological, and social, and emotional development throughout life would offer perspective, a guideline, and reasonable expectations.
Developmental theories should help counselors understand potential outlooks regarding the needs of individuals during the different stages of their lives.
Erikson believed that an individual’s interactions with others describe development.
The counselor can further evaluate early behaviors against his or her contemporary observations, giving them a fuller context.
The life-span perspective can easily be linked to what could be considered a sub-category or a category that can be placed inside the life-span cycle.
Developmental and psychodynamic theories continue to be basis in much contemporary thought and practice.
The life-span development approach addresses the basic nature versus nurture debate by allowing for both.
Each of these stages is characterized by unique ways of thinking and therefore determines how adults interact with others.
He believed that children actively learn by doing, using the environment to stimulate their thinking. Because children learn best when they can manipulate, use hands-on activities, and make the abstract concrete, counselors may use the developing thinking of children throughout the elementary school years to plan appropriate guidance activities.
Erikson also believed that individual development takes place in a social context.
He believed that development is a lifelong process and he indicated 8 stages.