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As Seth Berkley and his colleagues (2013) argue, "[a] healthy population is a pre-requisite for development" (p.1076).However, health should be viewed broader than immunizations, disease treatment and environmental factors.In response, the policeman took out his gun, threatened the young man and punched him.
The reasons for the growing numbers are diverse, but WHO suggests the growth is due to population aging, trends in health conditions and environmental degradation, among other factors.
Disabled individuals, who account for a significant share of the poor in those nations, were left out of the Millennium Development Goals formulated by the United Nations in 2001.
As a result, there was a real possibility of this very large population and its complex issues being ignored entirely in global development efforts.
One major implication of that oversight was broad recognition that many of the Millennium Development Goals could not, in fact, be fulfilled without addressing disability-related injustice in the developing world (Mercer & Mac Donald, 2007).
WHO defines health beyond physical and mental well-being, including social well-being (Beisser, 1990, p.179), which introduces new levels of complexity into researching health-related issues.
In the post-2015 development agenda, social well-being should have an important place, including the quality of relationships, positive emotions and resilience, the realization of individuals' potential, or their overall satisfaction with life that are meaningful to the public.In January 2011, the chief of police of São José dos Campos (100 km from São Paulo) parked his car in a spot reserved for people with impairments.A lawyer in a wheelchair, who happened to witness the action, publicly rebuked the police official for his action.Before examining the character and extent of abuse of the disabled in Brazil, I wish here to clarify the use of terminology in this analysis.I acknowledge and respect the choices that disabled people make in choosing how best to describe their identity and experiences.In addition, I examine available governmental reports and nongovernmental organization websites to inform my discussion of violence prevention strategies enacted in Brazil.I also carried out fieldwork in Brazil in the summer of 2011, conducting 11 individual semi-structured interviews with people with various impairments to explore their experiences and their understanding of justice and equality in Brazilian society.Third, I describe and evaluate the government's key current strategies aimed at addressing violence against disabled Brazilians.The purpose here is to suggest ways in which violence against disabled Brazilians can be addressed in public policies as a sustainable development issue and thus help close the "gap" between disabled and nondisabled populations to create truly sustainable democratic societies that honor human dignity.Cumulatively, the findings of these studies suggest that violence against disabled Brazilians is a significant problem.In this article, I briefly review the available literature on the subject of violence against disabled people in general and in Brazil in particular.