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A native of the Kingdom of France, he spent about 20 years (1629–1649) of his life in the Dutch Republic after serving for a while in the Dutch States Army of Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange and the Stadtholder of the United Provinces.One of the most notable intellectual figures of the Dutch Golden Age, Descartes is also widely regarded as one of the founders of modern philosophy.There are a number of objections to Cartesian dualism. To begin with, Strawson points out that a Cartesian would have to agree that a pred ...
Together they worked on free fall, catenary, conic section, and fluid statics.
Both believed that it was necessary to create a method that thoroughly linked mathematics and physics.
Descartes' influence in mathematics is equally apparent; the Cartesian coordinate system was named after him.
He is credited as the father of analytical geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry—used in the discovery of infinitesimal calculus and analysis.
Descartes laid the foundation for 17th-century continental rationalism, later advocated by Spinoza and Leibniz, and was later opposed by the empiricist school of thought consisting of Hobbes, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume.
Leibniz, Spinoza, Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy (1641) continues to be a standard text at most university philosophy departments.
While Rene Descartes is very well known for his Cogito erg Sum ( I think therefore I am), he also came up with a theory of Substance Dualism.
Substance Dualism is Rene Descartes way of explaining the mind/ body problem.
Descartes could not explain this interaction between the body and mind, except to say that nature has taught us what action to take when we experience certain sensations.
He goes on to define sensations such as "nothing but confused modes of thinking which arise from the union and, as it were, intermingling of the mind with the body". Strawson placed his objections in his paper ' Self, Mind and Body' (1974a).