Tags: Friendship Mice And Men EssaysCreate Online Essay TestHand Writing PaperGood Words To Use In Ap English EssaysMarketing DissertationsGovernment Research Papers
They reflected the human aspect of the concept of cultural capital as black communities during segregation placed the economic and social progress of their children in their hands. In the 1930s, Charles Hamilton Houston, Special Counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and former chair of Howard University’s Law School, established the field of civil rights law as he developed an innovative and bold strategy that would eventually dismantle segregation in public universities and schools.After his former student, Thurgood Marshall, successfully sued the University of Maryland’s law school forcing it to admit a black student, Marshall joined Houston at the NAACP and sued for equity among black and white teachers.African American principals, who once held one of the most powerful and prestigious positions within African American communities, also received demotions or lost their jobs as their schools were eliminated. After the NAACP returned to the Supreme Court in the Court ruled that desegregation should proceed with “all deliberate speed.” Despite the continuous legal actions of civil rights lawyers, this term did not reflect the depths of southern resistance as most children still attended segregated schools in 1964.
When this strategy failed and federal court orders forced school districts to develop new desegregation plans, black teachers faced massive job losses as white school boards closed black schools.
Relying upon the Fourteenth Amendment, they won most of their cases.
Southern districts retaliated by developing unfair testing systems to determine salary ranges.
Scholar Ansley Erickson argues that city developers reinforced segregation by working with school districts to construct new schools in predominately-white suburban neighborhoods.
With the support of the GI Bill and the availability of Federal Housing Association (FHA) mortgages, thousands of families moved to the suburbs.