Eliot defines culture as existing in, and through, three different spheres: that of the individual, the group or class, and the entire rest of society.
The review also misspelled Isabel Preysler’s surname.
Entertainment is important as it brings people together and is a good way for the entire family to bond.
, a popular Spanish magazine, for a large amount of money.
After the review was published, Vargas Llosa contacted The Times to say that none of these assertions were true.
All of which is to say that Vargas Llosa’s cranky, hasty manifesto is made of the very stuff it criticizes: journalism.
Vargas Llosa’s opening essay reduces its Eliotic ur-text to its crassest points, but my own version here must be crasser: After all, I have six browser tabs open, and my phone has been beeping all day.
It diverts people’s attention from their demanding lives and amuses them in their leisure time.
Usually, entertainment is fun, enjoyable and pleasurable.
That group or class proceeds to exercise its idea of culture on society as a whole, with the elites — the educated and artists, in Eliot’s ideal arrangement — leveraging their access to the media and academia to influence the tastes of the average citizen, and of the next generation too.
As for what forms the individual, it’s the family, and the family, in turn, is formed by the church: “It is in Christianity that our arts have developed,” Eliot writes; “it is in Christianity that the laws of Europe have — until recently — been rooted.”“Until recently” refers to the year of Eliot’s essay’s publication: 1943.