This is a decent reading of natural law, but it is hardly convincing to anyone who does not have a prior belief in some omnipotent God to make such a law.
It is taken as a given that God exists and creates a system of rules for us; the question after that is merely whether we must obey it or not.
Also included are selected shorter philosophical writings from the same decade.
In his 1664 valedictory speech as Censor of Moral Philosophy at Christ Church, Oxford, Locke discusses thequestion: Can anyone by nature be happy in this life?
Humans actively participate in the eternal law of God by using reason in conformity with the Natural Law to discern what is good and evil(Magee 1).
Of Whatever is in motion now was at rest until moved by something else, and that by something else, and so on.But if there were an infinite series of movers, all waiting to be moved by something else, then actual motion could never have got started, and there would be no motion now. So there must be a First Mover which is itself unmoved. The final crucial proof of the existence of God is Aquinas fourth proof.This proof looks at qualities of humans; all humans possess many different attributes which we consider unique to each individual.Librarian Note: There is more than one author in the Good Reads database with this name. Locke is considered the first of the British Empiricists, but is equally important to social contract theory.His ideas had enormous influence on the development of epistemology and political philosophy, and he is widely regarded as one of the most influential Enlightenmen Librarian Note: There is more than one author in the Good Reads database with this name. Locke is considered the first of the British Empiricists, but is equally important to social contract theory. Mark Goldie (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997), 79-133.Excerpt: Since God shows Himself to us as present everywhere and, as it were, forces Himself upon the eyes of men as much in the fixed course of nature now as by the frequent evidence of miracles in time past, I assume there will be no one to deny the existence of God, provided he recognizes either the necessity for some rational account of life, or that there is a thing that deserves to be called virtue or vice.This is the standard editon of John Locke's classic early work Essays on the Law of Nature. Also included are selected shorter philosophical writings from the 1660s, unpublished elsewhere, whose topics include happiness, pleasure and pain, faith and reason. von Leyden introduces each of these works, setting them in their historical context. Locke was the first Western philosopher to define the self through a continuity of "consciousness." He also postulated that the mind was a "blank slate" or "tabula rasa"; that is, contrary to Cartesian or Christian philosophy, Locke maintained that people are born without innate ideas.In his 1664 valedictory speech as Censor of Moral Philosophy at Christ Church, Oxford, Locke discusses the question: Can anyone by nature be happy in this life?