Use imagery, details, and sensory information to connect with the reader if you can.
Two significant inquiries, which were carried out in this period – the Scarman report and the Macpherson report – will provide a focus by which to critically analyse the concept of institutional racism in policing and evaluate policy responses.
Whist some progress has been made since these two inquiries were carried out, many improvements still need to be made to overcome institutional racism.” Take a look at this detailed example of an introduction (PDF), which is broken down to show the purpose of each sentence within the introductory paragraph.
Take note of these and, as you work through revisions, refine and edit your opening.
If you're struggling with the opening, follow the lead of other writers and skip it for the moment.
When you begin writing a new piece, think about what your readers want or need to know.
Use your knowledge of the topic to craft an opening line that will satisfy that need.You can go into supporting information in the body of your essay, so don't tell the audience everything all at once.Your first draft may not have the best opening, but as you continue to write, new ideas will come to you and your thoughts will develop a clearer focus.You don't want to fall into the trap of what writers call "chasers" that bore your readers (such as "The dictionary defines....").The introduction should make sense and "hook" the reader right from the start. Typically, just three or four sentences are enough to set the stage for both long and short essays.Let's see how some writers approached their essays and analyze why they work so well."As a lifelong crabber (that is, one who catches crabs, not a chronic complainer), I can tell you that anyone who has patience and a great love for the river is qualified to join the ranks of crabbers.It informs readers about the topic and why they should care about it, but also adds enough intrigue to get them to continue to read.In short, the opening paragraph is your chance to make a great first impression.You can engage your readers right from the start through a number of tried and true ways.Posing a question, defining the key term, giving a brief anecdote, using a playful joke or emotional appeal, or pulling out an interesting fact are just a few approaches you can take.