As noted above, findings on the homework-achievement connection at the elementary level are mixed.Tags: Assigning Drive LettersHow To Write A Research Grant Proposal SampleHomework Hotline NashvilleHard Math Problems To SolveDissertation Writing Companies ReviewsCommunity Centre Business PlanBusiness Plan For Photography BusinessTelevision Business PlanRichard Avedon American West EssayEssay About Mesopotamia
Thus, a 1st grader would do 10 minutes each day and a 4th grader, 40 minutes.
The National Parent Teacher Association and the National Education Association both endorse this guideline, but it is not clear whether the recommended allotments include time for reading, which most teachers want children to do daily.
The Homework-Achievement Connection A narrow focus on whether or not homework boosts grades and test scores in the short run thus ignores a broader purpose in education, the development of lifelong, confident learners.
Still, the question looms: homework enhance academic success?
Any parent who has battled with a child over homework night after night has to wonder: Do those math worksheets and book reports really make a difference to a student’s long-term success?
Or is homework just a headache—another distraction from family time and downtime, already diminished by the likes of music and dance lessons, sports practices, and part-time jobs?While correlation does not imply causality, extensive research has established that at the middle- and high-school levels, homework completion is strongly and positively associated with high achievement.Very few studies have reported a negative correlation.Indeed, perhaps it would be best, as some propose, to eliminate homework altogether, particularly in these early grades.On the contrary, developmentally appropriate homework plays a critical role in the formation of positive learning beliefs and behaviors, including a belief in one’s academic ability, a deliberative and effortful approach to mastery, and higher expectations and aspirations for one’s future.Contrary to previous findings, researchers reported a stronger relationship between homework and achievement in the elementary grades than in middle school.As the study authors note, one explanation for this finding could be that in elementary school, teachers tend to assign more homework in math than in other subjects, while at the same time assigning shorter math tasks more frequently.Allison, a mother of two middle-school girls from an affluent Boston suburb, describes a frenetic afterschool scenario: “My girls do gymnastics a few days a week, so homework happens for my 6th grader after gymnastics, at p.m. My 8th grader does her homework immediately after school, up until gymnastics.She eats dinner at and then goes to bed, unless there is more homework to do, in which case she’ll get to bed around 10.” The girls miss out on sleep, and weeknight family dinners are tough to swing.But in families of limited means, it’s often another story.Many low-income parents value homework as an important connection to the school and the curriculum—even as their children report receiving little homework.