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Different citation systems and styles are used in scientific citation, legal citation, prior art, the arts, and the humanities.
The various guides thus specify order of appearance, for example, of publication date, title, and page numbers following the author name, in addition to conventions of punctuation, use of italics, emphasis, parenthesis, quotation marks, etc., particular to their style.
A number of organizations have created styles to fit their needs; consequently, a number of different guides exist.
For instance: Rousseau converted to Catholicism in 1728 (Bertram, 2010).
Websites don’t have page numbers, so these aren’t required when quoting an online source.
Harvard, MLA, American Sociological Association (ASA), American Psychological Association (APA), and other citations systems, because their syntactic conventions are widely known and easily interpreted by readers.
Each of these citation systems has its advantages and disadvantages. Bibliographies, and other list-like compilations of references, are generally not considered citations because they do not fulfill the true spirit of the term: deliberate acknowledgement by other authors of the priority of one's ideas.More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression embedded in the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to the topic of discussion at the spot where the citation appears.Generally the combination of both the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry constitutes what is commonly thought of as a citation (whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not).Others, such as MLA and APA styles, specify formats within the context of a single citation system.These may be referred to as citation formats as well as citation styles.In-text references for online publications may differ from conventional parenthetical referencing.A full reference can be hidden, only displayed when wanted by the reader, in the form of a tooltip.It can be hard to spot the author and publication date for websites, though, so make sure to check carefully before omitting this information.As with any source used in your work, you should list all cited websites in the reference list at the end of your document. The ‘date of update’ field only applies if the page has been updated since it was published, so don’t worry about this if no updates are listed. the date you accessed the site) is required for all online sources, though.Other styles include a list of the citations, with complete bibliographical references, in an end section, sorted alphabetically by author.This section is often called "References", "Bibliography", "Works cited" or "Works consulted".