Another crucial aspect of the American dream is that it implies that financial success is a result of the hard work and nothing else.From this perspective, if one works hard enough, one will achieve the high socioeconomic status; the poor simply do not work hard enough.Tags: Homework Schedule TemplateBusiness Continuity Plan Template For BanksEssays About Power And AuthorityHomework StudiesArgumentative Essay On Oedipus The KingCitations In An EssayTruck Business Plan
Therefore, the American dream sees the society as a battlefield, wherein only the fittest will survive.
What is more, the American dream is a deep individualist perspective, which promotes personal self-fulfillment and does not prescribe to care for the common good a lot.
All these details create an atmosphere of romance; they promise that Gatsby also will find such a perfect, heavenly life when he makes it to the top.
Another reason for Gatsby’s wish to achieve the American dream is that it implies possessing significant wealth, the goal which is deeply rooted in the Protestant ideal of the material success.
According to Edwin Fussel, reason why Fitzgerald’s novel is a masterpiece is “an uncanny ability to juxtapose the sensibilities implied by the phrase ‘romantic wonder’ with the most conspicuous, as well as the most deeply significant, phenomena of American civilization, and to derive from that juxtaposition a moral critique of human nature.” Therefore, The Great Gatsby can be understood as the story of the protagonist’s quest for such a romantic wonder.
According to Fussel, the basic plot of the writer is always a story of quest and seduction.Hence, the diffuse desire of Fitzgerald’s characters is concentrated and focused; they strive for the American dream and believe that the accomplishment of their goal will make them happy.Nonetheless, the typical Fitzgerald’s characters discover that their aim cannot be achieved because of the corrupt nature of the American dream.Their “high life” promises to satisfy the aesthetic needs of the young boy from unprivileged backgrounds.The belief that the life of the upper classes is nothing but joy and idyl is reflected in Gatsby’s vision of Daisy and Jordan’s past.In his article “Rethinking the American Dream,” David Kamp also states that even though initially the American dream meant an opportunity for everyone, today it is more about the fame and fortune for the upper classes.In The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald manages to grasp how the ideology of the American dream operated in the American society in the 1920s; at the same time, the book tells a universal story of human quest and desire.In this sense, with its acute social critic and depth, the novel can be seen as one of the greatest masterpieces of the American literature.Nevertheless, to understand how exactly Fitzgerald refutes the concept of the American Dream in his novel, one should define the term more clearly.As Max Weber observed it, the spirit of capitalism is closely related to the ethical code of the Protestants.As in Protestantism, work and activity are among the highest virtues, profit is seen as the merit of such work and something that has an end in itself.