Marxism Crime And Deviance Essay

This set of lessons is designed for AQA A2 Sociology and for use with the blue AQA Sociology Book by Napier Press.

Each lesson comes complete with lesson Power Point and accompanying resources e.g.

Individuals may also be labelled as ‘deviant’, simply because they might be involved in political acts that challenge the social order.

Marxists believe that laws cannot be ‘neutral ‘, because they are made by the powerful to maintain their own privileged positions.

Traditional Marxists talk more about the criminogenic nature of capitalism and the way the state makes and enforces laws in the interest of the ruling class and the way crime is used in an ideological way to support the ruling class’ power.

However Neo-Marxists have developed critical criminology which has attempted to…...

Marxists therefore argue that capitalism is crimogenic – it is the single over-riding cause of all crime and deviancy in society due to poverty, unemployment and lack of opportunity.

A poor underclass is formed who have to rely on crime to exist.

William Chambliss’ study in 1976 illustrated this when he described organised crime in Washington, U. Marxists always see working class criminal types as victims of the capitalist state. The prison system is also a source of cheap labour, believing that there is a connection between the use of workers in factories and in prisons.

Those who go along with capitalism have been persuaded from early childhood to conform to the capitalist mentality, due to consistent messages and brainwashing, especially from the media and education.


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