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These causes include: chance, nature, compulsions, habit, reasoning, anger, or appetite (Aristotle).Managers should take the time to understand why their employees are performing the way, they are. The manager must recognize these differences between each employee to make sure they are helped to meet their needs.By motivation we then mean the degree to which a person is moved or aroused to act (Rainey, 1993).
The efficiency of an organization depends on the competent, motivated and dynamic workforce.
Ultimately, it is the 'people' who put plan into action and make things happen.
Motivation can be described as goal-directed behavior. According to an early writer on the significance of the motivational impact of job design (Katz, 1964): ‘The job itself must provide sufficient variety, sufficient complexity, sufficient challenge and sufficient skill to engage the abilities of the worker.’ In their job characteristics model, Hackman and Oldham (1974) emphasized the importance of the core job dimensions as motivators, namely skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy and feedback. Extrinsic motivation Extrinsic motivation occurs when things are done to or for people to motivate them.
People are motivated when they expect that a course of action is likely to lead to the attainment of a goal and a valued reward – one that satisfies their needs and wants. These include rewards, such as incentives, increased pay, praise, or promotion; and punishments, such as disciplinary action, withholding pay, or criticism.
If an organization wants to achieve its goals in terms of productivity, quality, profitability stability and growth, it needs to create an environment which motivates the employees.
The word motivation is coined from the Latin word 'motus', a form of the verb 'movere', which means to move, influence, affect, and excite.
Importance of motivation One important question before us is why motivation is so important for the managers? Motivation creates satisfaction which helps in improving employee performance and raise productivity.
Although, performance is a function of an employee's abilities, skills and knowledge, it is influenced by work environment and motivation also.
For this purpose, organizations need to motivate its employeeswho play an important and irreplaceable role by creating new valueswith their inherent powers andskills and bring in prosperity to the organization.
Motivation directly influences the conduct of people and incentivizes employees to work and achieve their individual goals.