They viewed the conflict as an opportunity to prove their loyalty, patriotism, and worthiness for equal treatment in the United States.Following the Civil War, the Army disbanded volunteer “colored” regiments, and established six Regular Army regiments of black troops with white officers.
They viewed the conflict as an opportunity to prove their loyalty, patriotism, and worthiness for equal treatment in the United States.Following the Civil War, the Army disbanded volunteer “colored” regiments, and established six Regular Army regiments of black troops with white officers.On 15 October 1917, 639 African-American men received their commissions as either captain or first or second lieutenant, and were assigned to infantry, artillery, and engineer units with the 92d Division.Tags: Sample Abstract For Research Paper ApaSporting Goods Business PlanFrankenstein Vs Prometheus EssayLiterary Analysis Essay For Life Of PiHelp Writing An EssayNrotc Scholarship EssayProfessional Resume Writing Services Philadelphia
Future black candidates attended either special training camps in Puerto Rico (from which 433 officers graduated), the Philippines, Hawaii, and Panama, or regular officer training facilities in the United States .
The Army had no written policy on what to do if an officer training camp became integrated, so each camp was allowed to decide for itself the manner in which the integration was executed.
Within one week of Wilson’s declaration of war, the War Department had to stop accepting black volunteers because the quotas for African Americans were filled.
When it came to the draft, however, there was a reversal in usual discriminatory policy. Although there were no specific segregation provisions outlined in the draft legislation, blacks were told to tear off one corner of their registration cards so they could easily be identified and inducted separately.
In May 1917, Fort Des Moines opened its doors to black officer-trainees.
Approximately 1,250 men attended the camp in Des Moines, Iowa.
These regiments were posted in the West and Southwest where they were heavily engaged in the Indian War.
During the Spanish-American War, all four regiments saw service.
Although comprising just ten percent of the entire United States population, blacks supplied thirteen percent of inductees.
While still discriminatory, the Army was far more progressive in race relations than the other branches of the military. The four established all-black Regular Army regiments were not used in overseas combat roles but instead were diffused throughout American held territory.