Paul Elder Critical Thinking Model

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For example, the students may be required to focus on identifying the main idea (purpose), the assumptions, and the inferences.

Q2: Jamie’s computer system locks up while trying to start a web browser that has recently been updated.

He established the importance of asking deep questions that probe profoundly into thinking before we accept ideas as worthy of belief.

He established the importance of seeking evidence, closely examining reasoning and assumptions, analyzing basic concepts, and tracing out implications not only of what is said but of what is done as well.

They need to be able to identify the "parts" of their thinking, and they need to be able to assess their use of these parts of thinking , as follows: The question can then be raised, "What appropriate intellectual standards do students need to assess the 'parts' of their thinking?

" There are many standards appropriate to the assessment of thinking as it might occur in this or that context, but some standards are virtually universal (that is, applicable to all thinking): clarity, precision, accuracy, relevance, depth, breadth, and logic.However, the Paul-Elder framework utilizes an everyday language.Models such as Toulnin, Bloom’s Taxonomy, and Brookfield Five Phase Model are not as comprehensive and do not offer as many high-quality resources. First, the “Elements of Reasoning” (also known as “Elements of Thought”) focus on the building blocks of thinking.Development of strong intellectual traits (such as fair-mindedness, intellectual integrity) requires habitual use of the elements of thought or reasoning (such as assumptions, concepts, points of view) held to specified intellectual standards (such as clarity, accuracy, depth).Hovering the mouse over any portion of the image will provide additional information about each of the critical thinking components in the Paul-Elder model.It can be used across various disciplines and departments, allowing students to utilize the framework in all of their classes, extracurricular activities and outside the dental hygiene school environment.The Facione and Facione Model is also a comprehensive model and offers many resources.The subject is complex, and several different definitions exist, which generally include the rational, skeptical, unbiased analysis, or evaluation of factual evidence.Critical thinking is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking.Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight.He demonstrated that persons may have power and high position and yet be deeply confused and irrational.


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