residents has heightened at 10.2 in 1980 and dropped in 1984 to 7.9.Since 1999 the rate of homicide victims have retained a steady range.Tags: Psychology Literature Review AbstractAssignment SolutionsBehavior Modification EssaysWriting A Journal Article Review Apa StyleThesis Statements On Substance AbuseSports Shop Business PlanContemporary EssaysBusiness Plan FreeEd Biology Gcse Coursework
A 1988 study by Sheldon Ekland-Olson found that in the first decade after Furman, criminal cases in Texas involving white victims were more likely to result in a death sentence than those involving either black or Hispanic victims.
A 1990 Government Accountability Office analysis of 28 studies, in 82% of these studies, found that murder cases with white victims were more likely than those with black victims to result in a death sentence.
Those allegations resulted in the Supreme Court's 1987 decision in Mc Cleskey v.
Kemp that statistical evidence of bias in the criminal justice system is insufficient to overturn an individual's sentence.
In 1983, David Baldus co-authored a study that found that capital punishment in Georgia since the decision in Furman v.
Georgia was handed down 1972 had been applied unevenly across race.
People tend to see Black physical traits as directly related to criminality.
The synthesis supported a strong race of victim influence.
The review also found that cases with black victims were less likely than those with white victims to result in the death sentence, possibly as a result of the devaluing of black crime victims.
The same study found that after controlling for the race of the victim, there was no clear evidence that the race of the defendant predicted how likely they were to receive a death sentence.