So-called abjects point towards the impossibility of such an ideal transcendence of the physical.
So-called abjects point towards the impossibility of such an ideal transcendence of the physical.In a literal sense the expression refers to abject secretions like excrements, blood, or puss; elements that threaten the subject's 'own,' proper body (corps propre) and therefore have to be expelled.5 This re-drawing of boundaries creates a sense of security, of inside/outside.Tags: Control Paper Quality TermWhat Is An Outline Of An EssayGood Leadership Essay QuestionsEssays Of Bacon Of TruthPro Gene Therapy EssayCreative Writing Courses In UkCoursework MalpracticeCells For Kinesthesis Are LocatedMath Makes Sense 4 Practice And Homework BookBusiness Continuity Plan For Manufacturing Industry
Barbara Creed explains: The abject [...] must be "radically excluded" (p. K.]) from the place of the living subject, propelled away from the body and deposited on the other side of an imaginary border which separates the self from that which threatens the self.
6 For the child, abjects are closely linked to the figure of the mother of the semiotic chora.
Her negative representation is not based on castration anxiety, as it is in the case of the phallic woman, but on the subject's fear of being devoured, of the absorption into the initial oneness, signifying death.
In contrast to female genitalia, the womb of the archaic mother can not be conceptualized as 'lack,' since it connotes 'fullness,' and can therefore not be defined by its relation to the penis.
She needs her child to justify her own existence and to keep up some kind of connection to the Symbolic, from which she has effectively been expelled.
Her refusal to let the child go makes her dangerous and she becomes the 'bad' mother as in Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock, USA, 1960) or in Dressed To Kill (Brian De Palma, USA, 1980), who denies her child the 'necessary' transition to the Symbolic.15 The semiotic maternal can be found in the representation of abject elements that refer to the instability of the world of the Father by reverting to the 'unclean' and repulsive body.
Her manifestations can usually be found in a film's mise-en-scene as a representation of her phantasmagoric aspects as in the first half of Alien (Ridley Scott, USA, 1979); Creed writes: Although the "mother" as a figure does not appear in [...] the entire film-her presence forms a vast backdrop for the enactment of all the events.
She is there in the images of birth, the representations of the primal scene, the womblike imagery, the long winding tunnels leading to inner chambers, the rows of hatching eggs [...] She is the generative mother, the pre-phallic mother, the being who exists prior to the knowledge of the phallus.20 Because she concentrates solely on her reproductive function and is posited outside morality and the law, she threatens the patriarchal symbolic order and has to be negated and discredited.
In The Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection2 Kristeva develops her theory of the abject, its relation to the concept of the mother and its significance in the constitution of the subject.
This process starts for the child in the Semiotic, a pre-Oedipal space experienced as an undifferentiated continuum between his/herself, the surroundings and the mother's body.