Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov established the study of classical conditioning (Bourne & Russo, 1998).Kalat (1998) states that classical conditioning involves a modification of involuntary behaviour.Tags: Parts Of Thesis Research MethodologyEffective College EssaysBeauty Is All Around Us EssayEssay About Graffiti ArtHuman Resource Management Case Studies With QuestionsFinancial Accounting HomeworkMusic Nowadays EssayCritical Thinking Practice Questions
In conclusion, the biological theory of phobias suggests that we have genes of fear for these objects that were passed down to us from our ancestors, causing us to be more 'prepared' to fear objects that were harmful to early humans, making us more likely to fear these objects over objects that were not harmful to them in the past.
This is a major study that you need to study in this syllabus. Seligman (1971) said that we have evolved to be conditioned to fear some things more than others.
Seligman thought that less input was needed to learn an association to a prepared stimulus than to a non prepared one.
I will discuss classical conditioning and preparedness theory and how preparedness theory has attempted to integrate a Pavlovian model of the acquisition of specific phobias with this biological specificity.
Further, a contemporary status of preparedness theory is discussed by means of an evaluation of available evidence.