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he Vietnam War was a long, bloody conflict that ended with the United States' first major military upset.It had huge ramifications, nationally and globally. At the First Indochinese War, which lasted from the late 1940s to the mid 1950s, Communist forces defeated American-aided French troops in Vietnam. began to send large amounts of military aid to Diem's regime.
The air strikes increased, becoming more and more frequent, and often more deadly.
Bombers used napalm, a potent jellied form of gasoline that burns long and is difficult to extinguish.
South Vietnam's president, Nguyen Van Thieu, continued the mistakes his predecessors had made, banning elections, stifling free speech, and giving himself more military authority.
Through 19, Nixon continued his Vietnamization plan, withdrawing troops, increasing air attacks, and stepping up naval bombardment.
Racial tensions were also evident, since white officers led large numbers of black soldiers from inner cities.
Drug and alcohol abuse also contributed to morale problems.The peace movement was also growing, and it eventually reached the armed forces.Protests within the rank and file led to desertion and insubordination.In February of 1971, ARVN troops invaded Laos in a disastrous raid.The fighting lasted for 45 days, and killed or wounded more than half of the ARVN's force.With this, American military presence in the region increased dramatically.At the start of Kennedy's presidency, about 2,000 American troops were in Vietnam, compared to upwards of 15,000 by 1963. Navy vessels were allegedly attacked by North Vietnamese boats in the Gulf of Tonkin.On January 27, 1973, a cease-fire was signed in Paris by the United States, North and South Vietnam, and the Viet Cong. intervention, however, the peace negotiations disintegrated, and war resumed. In April, President Ford asked Congress for 2 million in aid for Vietnam. This money was mostly used to evacuate South Vietnamese from Communist-occupied Saigon. The bombs and defoliants used in the war scarred the countryside, permanently in some cases.Two months later, the last American forces left Vietnam. The war ended on April 30, 1975, with the South Vietnamese surrender. Vietnam still remains a poor country, with over a million people fleeing the nation since 1975.The military, in late 1967-early 1968, requested 100,000 more U. Johnson then, in March of 1968, announced that he would not run for reelection.Richard Nixon won the presidential election in 1968.