In academic research, your sources will most commonly be articles from scholarly journals, and the citation for an article typically includes: There are many other types of sources you might use, including books, book chapters, films, song lyrics, musical scores, interviews, e-mails, blog entries, art works, lectures, websites and more.
To determine which details are required for a citation for a particular source type, find that source type within the style guide for the citation style you are using.
When you search the library's databases for articles or e-books, the list of search results you see is actually a list of full citations.
Instead of being formatted according to MLA, APA, CSE, or Chicago style, these citations are formatted according to the database vendor's style.
For step-by-step instructions for citing books, journals, how to cite a website in APA format, information on an APA format bibliography, and more, refer to Since APA style format is used often in science fields, the belief is “less is more.” Make sure you’re able to get your points across in a clear and brief way. Try not to add fluff and unnecessary details into your paper or writing.
This will keep the paper length shorter and more concise.
For more information, consult the APA Style Manual website.
This resource provides detailed guidelines for citing sources in your paper and includes examples of in-text citation for reference by research authors.
Adams (as cited in Franklin) contends that this statistic “reflects the de-humanizing conditions of most federal institutions” (p. Even when some central information is missing from a website (e.g., no author, date, or webpage title), you may still cite it as a source if you use the correct formatting.
For information on how to cite a website with missing information, visit the APA Style Blog post on Missing Pieces.