First, I will discuss some methodological questions and briefly introduce the current state of the art concerning the relation between the Eudemian Ethics (= EE), the Nicomachean Ethics (= NE) and the Protrepticus.
Second, I will provide a detailed interpretation of the ergon argument which is present in the first chapter of the second book of the Eudemian Ethics.
more ARMENIAN TRANSLATION OF THE WORK ASCRIBED TO ARISTOTLE "ON VIRTUES AND VICES" Erna Manea Shirinian Keywords: Aristotle, virtue, vice, ethics, manual, Hellenizing school, editio princeps, Ghukas Vanadetsi, Plato, tripartite theory of soul, Armenian sources"On virtues and vices" (or "De virtutibus et vitiis") ascribed to Aristotle is quite small treatise written in the first centuries B. This text was also translated into Armenian by the representatives of the Hellenizing School. the translation is very literal, which greatly contributes for preparing critical edition while choosing variae lectiones and for the restoration of the fragments, contaminated during the transmission.
In the Armenian literature this writing is considered among the so-called "subtle writings".
The Armenian translation of [Aristotle's] "De virtutibus et vitiis" was very widespread in Armenian milieu; more than 125 manuscripts of the text and almost the same number of manuscripts containing the interpretation on this treatise are a good witness for this statement.
Editio princeps (first edition) of the Armenian translation was made in 1704, in Amsterdam by Gukas Vandandetsi.
It is clear by now that I want to reject an idea that according to Aristotle happiness is a happy life.
This definition might perhaps amuse Socrates, but it lacks textual support and it generates unnecessary troubles in interpreting Aristotle’s moral philosophy.
At the same time these are our most own or proper (oikeios) capacities, since they are erga of the part of the soul with which we are identified in the course of the argument.
Compared to the argument in Plato’s Republic the version found in the Protrepticus is more technical and definitely more intellectual as well.