The results of the study revealed a significant gender difference in favor of females in all the clusters above the age of 13, with the exception of feminine, uncommon, and gender-neutral objects.
Male participants tested significantly in favor of objects and measures of distance.
The researchers conducted the study by investigating and analyzing object location memory tasks (86 effect sizes) and Object identity memory (37 effect sizes) separately. Object identity memory task showed significant gender differences that were consistent and in favor of women.
One independent variable in the study is the ex post facto variable of gender. As For the object location memory tasks, the effect sizes had to be separated by age (below the age of 13, between the ages of 13 and 18, 18 and above), object type (common, uncommon, gender neutral, geometric, masculine, feminine), scoring method (accuracy, time, distance), and type of measure (recall, recognition) to achieve homogeneity.
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Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.Voyer, Postma, Brake & Imperato-Mc Ginley (2007) conducted a meta-analysis that investigated 123 effect sizes derived from 36 studies to quantify the magnitude of gender differences in object location memory tasks by using a hierarchical approach.They define Object location memory as the cognitive ability that allows individuals to recall the locations of and relationships among specific objects, and functions in everyday life.The results indicated that there were no sex differences were observed in memory for object identities.In addition, it was discovered that the memory in both sexes for object locations was better for peripherally located objects than for centrally located objects.Lejbak, Vrbancic & Crossley (2009) conducted a study to investigate if the female advantage in object location memory is robust to verbalizability and mode of presentation of test stimuli.Their study encompassed a total of 40 participants, 20 males and 20 female college students.For a number of years researchers have been interested in determining the differences in cognitive abilities between men and women especially in the domains of spatial and verbal abilities (e.g.De Goede & Postma 2008, Vuontela, Steenari, Carlson, Koivisto, Fjällberg, & Aronen 2003).Long-term memory is viewed as a permanent store of potentially unlimited capacity which stores information in terms of its meaning or significance to the individual.In essence the simplest model of memory process suggests that sensory information enters short term memory, rehearsal keeps it there, and eventually, the information makes its way into long term memory, where it is permanently stored.