These criticisms were to some degree supported by independent research.
One study, for example, found a strong correlation between essay length and score.
He received his Ph D in English Literature and Medieval Studies from the University of Texas at Austin in 2014.
There are 18 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
The 2016 SAT includes an essay section that has been significantly redesigned.
Students are no longer required to complete the essay, but many universities mandate the submission of essay scores, and the College Board recommends that all students take this section of the SAT in order to demonstrate reading, writing, and analysis skills.
This article was co-authored by Christopher Taylor, Ph D.
Christopher Taylor is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of English at Austin Community College in Texas.
The College Board cites the need to separate essay writing from other verbal skills and institutional desire for more specific essay scoring criteria as the major reasons for the SAT essay redesign, but popular criticism was certainly also a factor.
Opponents of the old SAT essay saw the assessment as a poor and somewhat arbitrary predictor of college success.