In children, self-confidence emerges differently than adults.For example, Fenton suggested that only children as a group are more self-confident than other children. In general, students who perform well have increased confidence which likely in turn encourages students to take greater responsibility to successfully complete tasks.Whether a person in making a decision seeks out additional sources of information depends on their level of self-confidence specific to that area.
Self Confidence Essay
Meanwhile, people who are less self-confident about their perspective and are more defensive about them may prefer proattitudinal information over materials that challenge their perspectives.In relation to leadership, leaders with high self-confidence are more likely to influence others through persuasion rather than coercive means.Individuals low in power and thus in self-confidence are more likely to use coercive methods of influence and to become personally involved while those low in self-confidence are more likely to refer problem to someone else or resort to bureaucratic procedures to influence others (e.g. Social scientists have found ways in which self-confidence seems to operate differently within various groups in society.Some studies suggest various factors within and beyond an individual's control that affect their self-confidence.Hippel and Trivers propose that people will deceive themselves about their own positive qualities and negative qualities of others so that they can display greater self-confidence than they might otherwise feel, thereby enabling them to advance socially and materially.The concept of self-confidence is commonly used as self-assurance in one's personal judgment, ability, power, etc.One's self confidence increases from experiences of having mastered particular activities.Zimmerman claimed that if children are self-confident they can learn they are more likely to sacrifice immediate recreational time for possible rewards in the future. In particular, Steele and Aronson established that black students perform more poorly on exams (relative to white students) if they must reveal their racial identities before the exam, a phenomenon known as “stereotype threat.” Sociologists of education Zhou and Lee have observed the reverse phenomena occurring amongst Asian-Americans, whose confidence becomes tied up in expectations that they will succeed by both parents and teachers and who claim others perceive them as excelling academically more than they in fact are.In one study of UCLA students, males (compared to females) and adolescents with more siblings (compared to those with less) were more self-confident.Therefore, if an individual believes he/she and/or others failed to achieve a goal (e.g.give up smoking) because of a factor that was beyond their control, he or she is more likely to be more self-confident that he or she can achieve the goal in the future.