Small States Essays

Small States Essays-71
Analysis This paper again illustrates the significant tension and mutual suspicion that existed between the large and small states during the debate over the Constitution.In this paper, Madison is primarily addressing the fears of the large states, of which New York was one of the most important.

Analysis This paper again illustrates the significant tension and mutual suspicion that existed between the large and small states during the debate over the Constitution.In this paper, Madison is primarily addressing the fears of the large states, of which New York was one of the most important.

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But should that be the case, say these political empirics, we shall not have an equal representation. Because every class of people will not be represented.

God knows that fools and knaves have voice enough in government already; it is to be hoped these wise prophesiers of evil would not wish to give them a constitutional privilege to send members in proportion to their numbers.

To divide the present union into at least five hundred independent sovereign states, build a council-house in the centre of each, and by a general law declare all the servants and apprentices free, and then let the multitude meet and govern themselves—or on the other hand, fall to the plain road of common sense, and govern the union by representatives in one collective council; as pointed-out in the system offered to your consideration: In the first you will possess popular liberty with a vengeance, and like a neighbor state, no man’s property will be secure, but each one defrauding his neighbor under the sanction of law,—thus subverting every principle of morality and religion.—In the second you will enjoy the blessing of a well balanced government, capable of inspiring credit and respectability abroad, and virtue, confidence, good order and harmony at home.—Should the Author have leisure to attend to it, the dangerous consequences that will inevitably flow from dividing the union, will be the subject of another paper.

Summary Madison responds to concerns that the number of members of the House will not be increased as population growth demands.

Who defended the republic at the battle of Pharsallia, but the better sort of the people?

Caesar can be considered in no other light than a more fortunate Cattiline, and the latter in no other than that of an ambitious demagogue attempting to ruin the Commonwealth, at the head of licentious democracy.Only the House can propose bills for funding the government.Thus, if the Senate or President tried to restrict the expansion of the House’s membership, it could use its power of the purse to persuade these other branches of government to relent.The issues that animate the public consciousness today rarely center around tensions between large and small states.However, in the 18th century, many Americans felt a greater attachment to their state than to the nation.Many opponents of the Constitution in larger states were concerned that the smaller states would seek to limit the increase in the number of members allotted to each state based on population.In particular, they feared that the Senate, which gives a disproportionate amount of power to smaller states, would become an instrument for limiting increases in the number of representatives in the House so as to restrict the power of larger States.The tension between large and small states continues to be very present today in these matters. Big countries tend to have big populations, economies, militaries, resources and ambitions.In my address to you in the spring of 1766, on the subject of our political concerns, I promised at a future period to continue my observations; but was happy to find, that the general voice of the nation superseded the necessity of them.The radical defects in the constitution of the confederate government, was too obvious to escape the notice of a sensible, enlightened people—they saw with concern the danger their former caution and jealousy had involved them in; and very wisely called a general Convention of the States to devise a plan to check the mischief of anarchy in its bud—happily for this country many of the wisest men and most distinguished characters, independent in their principles and circumstances, and disconnected with party influence, were appointed to the important trust; and their unanimity in the business affords a pleasing presage of the happiness that will result from their deliberation.

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