The structure is different from that of a written report (see Report Writing below), which is separated into sections by numbers and headings: in the absence of such guidance for the reader of an essay, it is vitally important that the essay structure is planned so that each paragraph follows logically from the other and is wrapped up in an introductory paragraph/s and concluding paragraph/s. If you can rephrase the question for yourself then, yes. From the earliest times travel was seen as dangerous and heroic…" The writer is being too general and begins to offer some sociological evidence, which has not been asked for in the question.The reader (lecturer/marker) needs to understand clearly: a) What is being said b) How what is said is justified How do you know you have achieved a) & b)? He/she is also being too imaginative and what is said is irrelevant.The key verbs here, (justify, outline, evaluate, diagnose) need to be looked at carefully because they indicate the approach you are expected to take when you prepare and write the essay.
Some of the most worrying concern the potential danger to the environment politically, physically and culturally; the place of tourism in the economy of many countries is also an issue… For example: Look at the following essay questions, all on the same subject: a) ‘Tourism today is quite unlike tourism in 1900’. b) ‘Tourism today is quite unlike tourism in 1900’.
Outline the main stages of changes in tourism since 1900.
Research: Relevance: the research process will provide you with a wide range of material.
A better beginning to the question might have been: There are a number of significant problems facing the tourist industry today (Pryer, 2004). These verbs give you some idea of the approach to use in your answer.
Some assignments, and most examination answers, will be required to be presented in the form of an essay. An outline is essential: What are you going to say, and what evidence will you bring in to support it? Research: Key texts/sources: have you found out who the key (acknowledged experts) authors are on the topic under discussion? Having decided what you are going to say, which pieces of information/others’ research will best support your response to the question posed?
An essay is a continuous piece of writing in which ideas, propositions, research and justifications are put forward and analysed in the form of a series of paragraphs. What is the proposition/hypothesis put forward for discussion/analysis? If not, the reader is not going to be convinced by what you say, because you are clearly not in possession of the key facts. Look at the following essay question and the attempt at beginning to answer it: "Outline the difficulties facing the tourist industry today. Without experience of people and places we would be much less informed about the world.
When the material and ideas have been organised in sequence you can begin to write the essay.
Each paragraph should contain a controlling idea, or topic sentence which links and anticipates.
For this reason, the use of the personal pronouns (I, we, you…) should be avoided.
If necessary, the term ‘the author’ may also be used.