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They believed that the “holy” areas were the place where their god resided.
This collaborative research involving anthropology and ecology was completed to help explain the relationship between indigenous beliefs and NRM in the study area and other parts of the LSRB with the questions as to the type of belief system, the relationships between indigenous people and spirits, how the indigenous people use and manage natural resources in the wetland, and the rules and regulations for using natural resources in the restricted lakes and protected species.
This study attempts to provide valuable insights into the changing values of indigenous beliefs in the context of management of natural resources and the effect of indigenous spiritual beliefs on NRM and ecological conservation.
Lua’s traditional beliefs associated with operations in the swidden agricultural system are guided by animistic beliefs in every farming process.
Their practices based on the traditional beliefs have demonstrated the ability to sustain agro-diversity and inherent wild biodiversity, ensuring ecosystem functions and supporting livelihoods and food security .
Although there are various approaches to natural resources management, urging policy makers to take into account spiritual beliefs has increasingly attracted international attention because of their ability to effectively manage natural resources for generations.
For instance, in some parts of India, religious beliefs have resulted in the conservation of sacred trees for generations .Our findings suggest that policy makers should engage with local beliefs in order to achieve sustainable resource management and, therefore, such practices should be recognized and included in the government’s policies on natural resources management in locations, where indigenous people live for generations.Almost all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of the United Nations have stated the critical need for managing natural resources for poverty reduction, zero hunger, climate change mitigation, and importantly for achieving the SDGs themselves.Another example of indigenous peoples’ practices is the use of beliefs in totems for managing the natural resources and conserving flora and fauna by the Ba’Aka pygmies of Central Africa.They believe that killing totems for food would bring a negative impact to their well-being.In addition, as some parts of rivers or streams and forests are considered sacred, and fishing and hunting are forbidden unless special rituals are to be performed .Traditional practices in Ba’Aka demonstrate the existence of traditional strategies by indigenous people for conserving natural resources in some African communities.We conducted in-depth interviews with 5 key informants and quantitative surveys with 158 households in two phases over a period of 3 years.Ancestral spiritual beliefs that are still salient in the Lower Songkhram River Basin influence natural resources management because they traditionally link people and natural resources.Indigenous people in some parts of the globe are entitled to specific rights to collectively use and manage natural resources, predicated on their historical, social and cultural connection to a particular territory.The United Nations (UN) defines indigenous people as people being inheritors and practitioners of unique cultures and ways of relating to people and the environment.