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when the number begins a sentence, title, or heading examples: Forty-eight percent of the sample..., Twelve students improved... common fractions examples: one fifth of the class..., two-thirds majority c.The rules regarding numbers in writing vary among academic disciplines.
Use: Thousands of Human Genes are Micro RNA Targets.
Use a combination of figures and words for numbers when such a combination will keep your writing clear.
This can be a sensible approach to ensuring the readability of texts that refer to numbers and figures frequently.
Fractional quantities of larger numbers, such as those in the millions and billions, are most easily read when abbreviated as decimals in combination with the word “million” or “billion” where possible.
Numbers that are not conveniently round will read better written as numerals.
Scientific and technical journals, and even news reports, often adhere to the rule that only numbers less than ten should be written out in full, except when fractions or decimals are involved.Use: The difference from baseline stimulus sensitivity scores for each condition during the three 20-min periods following baseline.Spell out indefinite numbers and amounts, including large approximations.Use: Morson estimated that up to two-thirds of all colorectal carcinomas arise from adenomatous polyps.Example 2 Avoid: The real price of cigarettes rose by three seven-eights between 19.Example Avoid: Our survey indicates that 560 villages are arsenic-affected and more than 100,000 people are drinking arsenic contaminated water Use: Our survey indicates that 560 villages are arsenic-affected and more than a million people are drinking arsenic contaminated water Spell out fractions that are less than one, but use numerals when the wording becomes awkward.That is, spell out common fractions like one-fifth, two-thirds, etc, Example 1 Avoid: Morson estimated that up to 2/3 of all colorectal carcinomas arise from adenomatous polyps.It is generally best to write out numbers from zero to one hundred in nontechnical writing.In scientific and technical writing, the prevailing style is to write out numbers under ten.The conventions within engineering, for example, may differ from those within economics.In this article, we present 10 rules or guidelines to spell out numbers.